Morumokwano and linguistic turf wars in South African hip hop


Unlike in the United States, where hip hop sub-genres are differentiated by their cities of origin and lyrical themes (i.e. hardcore hip hop – New York; trap – party rap), here in South Africa they are distinguished by the languages they represent. Each of the eleven official languages has its own specific hip hop movement. For instance, hip hop in isiXhosa is called Spaza, in Tshivenda it’s Venrap, and Sesotho rap is called Tshepe while isiZulu hip hop is better known as Kasi Rap. However, we all know that hip hop is a universal music and it is one. Read more here.

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